Food and Bioprocess Technology

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 387–394 | Cite as

Effect of Ultrasound Pre-Treatment on the Physical, Microbiological, and Antioxidant Properties of Calçots

  • Lorena Zudaire
  • Tomás Lafarga
  • Inmaculada Viñas
  • Maribel Abadias
  • Nigel Brunton
  • Ingrid Aguiló-AguayoEmail author
Original Paper


The effect of ultrasound (US) treatment (40 kHz, 250 W) for 0, 10, 25 and 45 min on the physical and microbiological quality, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total phenolic content (TPC) of calçots (Allium cepa L.) was evaluated. Moreover, the effect of roasting (270 °C, 8 min) and in vitro simulated digestion on the antioxidant properties was studied. Overall, US treatment had no effect of the physical quality and antioxidant properties of calçots regardless the treatment time, while thermal processing produced an increase on the TAC and maintenance in TPC. Furthermore, the digestion process caused a remarkable decrease on the TAC and TPC, but that decrease was higher in roasted than in fresh samples. The microbial load of all US-treated fresh samples was below 6 log (cfu g−1) and a decrease of 1-log reduction was observed after treating for 45 min. Those results indicated that US pre-treatment had no negative effects on the quality of calçot while produced a decrease on the microbial load at high processing times.


Allium cepa L. Thermal processing Gastrointestinal digestion Antioxidant capacity Novel technologies 



Colour difference


Browning Index




Ferric reducing antioxidant power


Hue angle


Total antioxidant capacity


Total phenolic content




Funding Information

This work was supported by ACCIÓ (Generalitat of Catalonia, RD14-1-004), Sociedad Agrícola i Secció de Crèdit de Valls S.C.C.L., Cooperativa of Cambrils, and PGI ‘Calçot de Valls’. This work was also supported by the ‘Secretaria d’Universitats i Recerca del Departament d’Economia i Coneixement’ (FI-2017-B2-00164, L. Zudaire) and CERCA Programme of Generalitat de Catalunya. T. Lafarga is in receipt of a ‘Juan de la Cierva’ contract awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry, and Competitiveness (FJCI-2016-29541). I. Aguiló-Aguayo thanks the National Programme for the promotion of talent and its employability of the ‘Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad’ of the Spanish Government and to the European Social Fund for the Postdoctoral Senior Grant ‘Ramon y Cajal’ (RYC-2016-19949).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorena Zudaire
    • 1
  • Tomás Lafarga
    • 1
  • Inmaculada Viñas
    • 2
  • Maribel Abadias
    • 1
  • Nigel Brunton
    • 3
  • Ingrid Aguiló-Aguayo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.IRTA, XaRTA-Postharvest, Edifici FruitcentreParc Científic i Tecnològic Agroalimentari de LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Food Technology DepartmentUniversity of Lleida, XaRTA-Postharvest, Agrotecnio CenterLleidaSpain
  3. 3.School of Agriculture and Food ScienceUniversity College DublinDublin 4Ireland

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