Food and Bioprocess Technology

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 89–102 | Cite as

Effects of Fish Gelatin and Tea Polyphenol Coating on the Spoilage and Degradation of Myofibril in Fish Fillet During Cold Storage

  • Xiao Feng
  • Voon Kunn Ng
  • Marta Mikš-Krajnik
  • Hongshun Yang
Original Paper

Abstract

Fish fillet is easily spoiled during storage. Antimicrobial edible coating of gelatin extracted from fish skins and bones and tea polyphenol (TP) was developed to inhibit the spoilage of fish fillet during cold storage. For coating containing 0.4 % TP and 1.2 % gelatin, the pH only slightly increased from 6.17 at day 0 to 6.32 at day 17 of cold storage, while the pH of control coating increased to 6.87 at day 17. Atomic force spectrometry was used to analyse the nanostructure of myofibril, which is the major component of fish muscle. The results showed that the length of myofibril from 0.4 % TP and 1.2 % gelatin group was greater than 15 μm, while the diameter and height were 3.38 and 0.59 μm, respectively, which exhibited the most intact nanostructure after 17 days of cold storage. Meanwhile, matrix-assisted laser desorption–ionisation–time-of-flight mass spectrometry result showed that TP delayed the degradation of myosin light chain 3 and troponin T in myofibril. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) also showed that 0.4 % TP and 1.2 % gelatin coating group had minimal production of spoilage markers, such as 1-octen-3-ol, 2-methyl propanoic acid and dimethyl sulfide. The microbial analysis showed that the aerobic mesophilic/psychrotrophic count, yeasts and moulds of 0.4 % TP and 1.2 % gelatin group were significantly lower than the control group. Therefore, 0.4 % TP and 1.2 % gelatin coating showed the best antimicrobial effect and can be used to maintain the nanostructure of fish fillet and prevent the spoilage during cold storage.

Keywords

Gelatin coating Tea polyphenol Matrix-assisted laser desorption–ionisation–time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) Atomic force spectrometry (AFM) Headspace solid-phase microextraction–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (HS/SPME/GC/MS) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Food Science and Technology Programme, Department of ChemistryNational University of SingaporeSingaporeRepublic of Singapore
  2. 2.National University of Singapore (Suzhou) Research InstituteSuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Industrial and Food Microbiology, Faculty of Food ScienceUniversity of Warmia and Mazury in OlsztynOlsztynPoland

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