Food and Bioprocess Technology

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 791–800 | Cite as

The Effect of High Power Ultrasound and Cold Gas-Phase Plasma Treatments on Selected Yeast in Pure Culture

  • Anet Režek Jambrak
  • Tomislava Vukušić
  • Višnja Stulić
  • Jasna Mrvčić
  • Slobodan Milošević
  • Marina Šimunek
  • Zoran HercegEmail author
Original Paper


High power ultrasound (US) and cold gas-phase plasma (CP) are non-thermal processing technologies that maybe used in food processing industry. The main objective of this research was to study the effect of both treatments on selected yeasts (Rhodotorula spp. 74 and Candida spp. 86) in pure culture. Samples were treated by ultrasound with 57.50-, 86.25- or 115-μm amplitude, for 3, 6 or 9 min at 20 °C, and 40 or 60 °C in the case of thermosonication. For cold gas-phase plasma treatments, samples were treated at a gas flow of 0.75, 1 or 1.25 L min−1, treatment time of 3, 4 or 5 min, and sample volume of 2, 3 or 4 mL. Each technology has its own advantages and is able to give the best effect on the desired target product. The experiment was designed using central composite design (CCD), and results were analysed and presented using response surface methodology (RSM). The greatest reduction of yeasts was observed after ultrasound treatments at 60 °C (thermosonication) and after plasma treatments, after the longest treatment time (5 min) and the lowest sample volume (2 mL). For high power ultrasound treatment, reduction in the number of yeast cells (N) can be attributed to elevated temperature (60 °C), cavitation and free radical formation. For plasma treatment, the inactivation can be attributed to UV radiation and plasma reactive oxygen species (ROS).


High power ultrasound Cold gas-phase plasma Yeast Response surface methodology Radicals 



This work has been supported in part by the Croatian Science Foundation under the project IP-11-2013-6248 “Application of electrical discharge plasma for preservation of liquid foods.”


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anet Režek Jambrak
    • 1
  • Tomislava Vukušić
    • 1
  • Višnja Stulić
    • 1
  • Jasna Mrvčić
    • 1
  • Slobodan Milošević
    • 2
  • Marina Šimunek
    • 1
  • Zoran Herceg
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Food Technology and BiotechnologyUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Institute of PhysicsZagrebCroatia

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