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Food and Bioprocess Technology

, Volume 6, Issue 7, pp 1809–1819 | Cite as

Effect of Cross-Section Differences and Drying Temperature on the Physicochemical, Functional and Antioxidant Properties of Giant Taro Flour

  • Richard Marcel Nguimbou
  • Nicolas Yanou NjintangEmail author
  • Himeda Makhlouf
  • Claire Gaiani
  • Joël Scher
  • Carl M. F. Mbofung
Original Paper

Abstract

Giant swamp taro, Cyrtosperma merkusii, consumed and regarded as indigenous food in many regions of Cameroon, is a potential bio-source of antioxidants as well as flours for use in different food formulations but which has not been widely studied. The present study was carried out to determine the effect of drying conditions on the chemical composition as well as the physical and functional properties and antioxidant activity of flours of this tuber. Slices of the yellow and mixed sections of the tubers were processed into flours by sun-drying (temperature ≈35 °C) and hot air electric drying at varying temperatures (50 °C, 60 °C, and 70 °C) before milling. Drying temperature and technique showed marginal effect on the protein, fat, fiber, ash, and carbohydrate content of taro flours. Color attributes, physical and functional properties, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl radical antioxidant activity, as well as reducing power of flours were found to vary significantly (P < 0.05) due to either the drying temperature or method. Hot air electric drying at lower temperatures (<70 °C) produced flour with higher water absorption capacity (WAC), water solubility index (WSI), porosity, bulk density, and preserved antioxidant activity of flour, whereas sun-drying was associated with flours of higher WSI but lower WAC, and lower antioxidant capacity. It was noticed that carotenoids and ascorbic acid contributed to the antioxidant activity in taro flours, and taro flours made of different taro portions showed different antioxidant mechanisms. This study highlights the low temperature hot air-drying method as a very good lead for preparation of effective natural functional flours for culinary system.

Keywords

Giant swamp taro Taro portion Sun-drying Hot air-drying Antioxidant activities 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Marcel Nguimbou
    • 1
    • 3
  • Nicolas Yanou Njintang
    • 2
    Email author
  • Himeda Makhlouf
    • 1
    • 3
  • Claire Gaiani
    • 3
  • Joël Scher
    • 3
  • Carl M. F. Mbofung
    • 1
  1. 1.National School of Agro-Industrial Sciences (ENSAI)University of NgaoundereNgaoundereCameroon
  2. 2.Faculty of SciencesUniversity of NgaoundereNgaoundereCameroon
  3. 3.Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des Biomolécules (LIBio)Université de LorraineVandœuvre lès NancyFrance

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