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Role of Surgical Resection in Low- and High-Grade Gliomas

  • Shawn L. Hervey-Jumper
  • Mitchel S. Berger
NEURO-ONCOLOGY (R SOFFIETTI, SECTION EDITOR)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Neuro-oncology

Opinion statement

Central nervous system tumors are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Outside of brain metastasis, low- and high-grade gliomas are the most common intrinsic brain tumors. Low-grade gliomas have a 5- and 10-year survival rate of 97 % and 91 %, respectively, when extent of resection is greater than 90 %. High-grade gliomas are extremely aggressive with the vast majority of patients experiencing recurrence and a median survival of 1 to 3 years. Survival of patients with both low- and high-grade gliomas is enhanced with maximal tumor resection. The pursuit of more aggressive extent of resection must be balanced with preservation of functional pathways. Several innovations in neurosurgical oncology have expanded our understanding of individualized patient neuroanatomy, physiology, and function. Emerging imaging technologies as well as intraoperative techniques have expanded our ability to resect maximal amounts of tumor while preserving essential function. Stimulation mapping of language and motor pathways is well-established for the safe resection of intrinsic brain lesions. Additional techniques including neuro-navigation, fluorescence-guided microsurgery using 5-aminolevulinic acid, intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging, and high-frequency ultrasonography can all be used to improve extent of resection in glioma patients.

Keywords

Extent of resection Glioma Oncology Glioblastoma 5-ALA High-grade glioma Low-grade glioma Intraoperative MRI Cortical stimulation mapping Surgical resection∙Treatment iMRI Neuro-navigation Ultrasound 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Shawn L. Hervey-Jumper and Mitchel S. Berger declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurological SurgeryUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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