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Current Urology Reports

, 20:7 | Cite as

Penile Implant Considerations in the Bladder Cancer Survivor

  • Jeffrey C. Loh-DoyleEmail author
Surgery (J Simhan, Section Editor)
  • 30 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Surgery

Abstract

Purpose of Review

After radical cystoprostatectomy, patients often develop erectile dysfunction refractory to first- and second-line treatments. In this review, we summarize and analyze the literature describing the technical considerations and outcomes of penile implant surgery in bladder cancer patients with history of radical cystectomy and urinary diversion.

Recent Findings

Penile prosthesis surgery in patients after radical cystectomy and urinary diversion has been infrequently described in the literature. Recent studies have shown that the three-piece inflatable penile prosthesis can be placed safely after significant prior intraabdominal surgery due to the development and refinement of several techniques to place the reservoir. Further studies are needed to objectively determine the impact of penile prosthetic surgery on functional outcomes in this historically undertreated yet increasingly significant patient population.

Summary

As health-related quality of life outcomes continue to gain increasing importance after radical cystectomy, urologists should offer motivated bladder cancer survivors the inflatable penile prosthesis as the treatment of choice for refractory erectile dysfunction due to its safety and unmatched ability to restore erectile function.

Keywords

Cystectomy Erectile dysfunction Penile prosthesis Urinary diversion Bladder cancer Quality of life Survivorship 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Jeffrey C. Loh-Doyle declares no potential conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Urology, USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer CenterUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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