Benefits of Retroperitoneoscopic Surgery in Pediatric Urology
Purpose of Review
The aim of this review is to find out the benefits of retroperitoneoscopy for the most common urological diseases in children.
The emergence of minimally invasive surgery about 20 years ago revolutionized pediatric urology. In this context, laparoscopy and later retroperitoneoscopy were developed and applied to a wide spectrum of urological diseases. Both approaches have since presented benefits and disadvantages that have been documented in various series. The main indications of retroperitoneoscopy are presented, from the classical ablative surgery, like total or partial nephrectomy, to more advanced reconstructive surgery. The success rate is similar to open surgery. However, few comparative studies have been conducted.
According to the most recent findings, retroperitoneoscopic surgery in children is feasible and safe if performed by well-trained surgeons. A pediatric urologist would favor the retroperitoneoscopic access to reach the upper urinary tract and the kidney because this is the “natural” way to treat the most common urological pediatric diseases.
KeywordsMIS Retroperitoneoscopy Laparoscopy Urology Children
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflicts of Interest
M. Cerulo, M. Escolino, F. Turrà, A. Roberti, A. Farina, and C. Esposito each declare no potential conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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