Early Experience of Robotic-Assisted Inguinal Lymphadenectomy: Review of Surgical Outcomes Relative to Alternative Approaches
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Inguinal lymph node dissection is a diagnostic and potentially curative treatment for penile carcinoma, which has historically been associated with high morbidity rates. This review summarizes the initial outcomes of robotic-assisted inguinal lymphadenectomy (RAIL) compared with the outcomes of the standard open and endoscopic approaches. The early experience suggests that RAIL may yield comparable oncologic outcomes, although future prospective studies of RAIL with greater numbers of participants and long-term follow-up are needed to evaluate the incidence and severity of perioperative and postoperative complications.
KeywordsPenile cancer Inguinal lymphadenectomy Robotic surgery Morbidity Dynamic sentinel node biopsy Endoscopy Open surgery Lymph nodes Squamous cell carcinoma
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Conflict of Interest
Dr. Talar B. Kharadjian, Dr. Surena F. Matin, and Dr. Curtis A. Pettaway each declare no potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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