Current Urology Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 109–113 | Cite as

Telesurgery, telementoring, virtual surgery, and telerobotics

  • Jacques Marescaux
  • Francesco Rubino


With the advent of laparoscopic surgery, a method characterized by a surgeon’s lack of direct contact with the patient’s organs and tissue and the availability of magnified video images, it has become possible to incorporate computer and robotic technologies into surgical procedures. Computer technology has the ability to enhance, compress, and transmit video signals and other information over long distances. These technical advances have had a profound effect on surgical procedures and on the surgeons themselves because they are changing the way surgery is taught and learned. This article provides an overview of the most important advances and issues developing from the use of computer and robotic technologies in surgery.


Virtual Reality Augmented Real Craniosynostosis Asynchronous Transfer Mode Robotic Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacques Marescaux
    • 1
  • Francesco Rubino
    • 1
  1. 1.IRCAD-European Institute of TelesurgeryStrasbourgFrance

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