Gender and Sexual Legitimacy
- 466 Downloads
This review addresses what is currently known in the literature about the topic of gender and sexual legitimacy, including our increasingly expanding understanding of gender as a spectrum, rather than a binary construct, sexuality as it relates to shifting gender roles and norms, and the related constructs of normativity and legitimacy in relation to gender and sexual identities. Whereas debates about gender and sexual legitimacy abound in the public and political arenas on a global level, scholarly work in these areas are more limited. One of the challenges is the interdisciplinary nature of its discourse, as it can be seen in this review. Whereas there seems to be an agreement across disciplines that gender and sexual identities do vary beyond current normative models enshrined in social mores and laws, there is not yet a widely accepted theory of gender and sexuality rooted beyond those normative mores.
KeywordsGender Gender binary Gender spectrum Sexuality Transgender Legitimacy Normativity Homonormativity Heteronormativity
Compliance with Ethics and Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Alex Iantaffi declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the author.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
- 2.•Stryker S, Whittle S, editors. The transgender studies reader. New York: Taylor & Francis; 2006. A reader devoted to the field of transgender studies, crossing the borders of queer theory, feminist studies and sexuality history.Google Scholar
- 3.Stryker S. Transgender history. Berkeley: Seal Press; 2008.Google Scholar
- 8.•Springer KW, Hankivsky O, Bates LM. Gender and health: relational, intersectional, and biosocial approaches. Soc Sci Med. 2012;74:1661–6. This is a comprehensive editorial introducing a Special Issue on Gender and Health. The authors provide a great description of changes in the field from a binary, essentialist idea of gender to more constructionist and relational analyses of gender and health. They also highlight how intersectionality and biopsychosocial perspectives have been privileged throughout the Special Issue they introduce.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 9.•Butler J. Gender trouble. 10th ed. New York: Routledge; 2002. A seminal feminist text undermining essentialist notions of gender and sex and proposing the concept of gender as performance.Google Scholar
- 10.Burke MM. Anonymous temporality and gender: rereading Merleau-Ponty. philoSOPHIA. 2013;3:138–57.Google Scholar
- 15.Harrison J, Grant J, Herman JL. A gender not listed here: genderqueers, gender rebels, and otherwise in the national transgender discrimination survey. LGBTQ Public Policy J Harv Kennedy Sch. 2012;2:13–24.Google Scholar
- 16.Stryker S. Biopolitics. TSQ: Transgender Stud Q. 2014;1:38–42.Google Scholar
- 26.•Iantaffi A, Bockting WO. Views from both sides of the bridge? Gender, sexual legitimacy and transgender people’s experiences of relationships. Cult Health Sex. 2011;13:355–70. This article addresses the double bind transgender people find themselves in, whereas conforming to gender and sexual roles confers validation and legitimacy within mainstream Western culture but might also lead to higher levels of internalized transphobia and diminished self-esteem.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar