Current Rheumatology Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 170–176 | Cite as

Mechanical Factors and Bone Health: Effects of Weightlessness and Neurologic Injury

Article

Abstract

Bone is a dynamic tissue with homeostasis governed by many factors. Among them, mechanical stimuli appear to be particularly critical for bone structure and strength. With removal of mechanical stimuli, a profound bone loss occurs, as best observed in the extreme examples following exposure to space flight or neurologic impairment. This review provides an overview of the changes in bone density and structure that occur during and after space flight as well as following neurologic injury from stroke and spinal cord injury. It also discusses the potential mechanisms through which mechanical stimuli are postulated to act on bone tissue.

Keywords

Bone density Weightlessness Space Flight Spinal cord injury Stroke Mechanical stimuli 

Notes

Disclosure

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Rheumatology, College of MedicineMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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