Current Psychiatry Reports

, 21:121 | Cite as

Assessing Paraphilic Interests Among Women Who Sexually Offend

  • Katrina N. Bouchard
  • Heather M. MouldenEmail author
  • Martin L. Lalumière
Sexual Disorders (LE Marshall and H Moulden, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Sexual Disorders


Purpose of Review

We examine the state of scientific research on the assessment of paraphilic interests among women who have committed sexual offences.

Recent Findings

Research on the assessment of sexual interests in women using genital measures shows little evidence, overall, that women’s genital responses are indicative of sexual interests. Some non-genital measures of sexual interest may be a valid indicator of age interests. Very few studies have focused on women who sexually offend.


At this time, there is no validated measure that can be used to assess paraphilic interests among women who sexually offend. Much research is needed to determine if some measures (other than self-report) could validly assess a variety of sexual interests in women in general, and women who sexually offend in particular (e.g. interest in children, interest in sexual violence). This research is needed to determine if paraphilic interests are involved in women’s motivation for sexual offending, and to determine if such interests are predictive of sexual recidivism.


Women who sexually offend Paraphilic interests Sexual interest testing Genital response Forensic assessment This article is part of the Topical Collection on Sexual Disorders 



The editors would like to thank Dr. Samantha J. Dawson for taking the time to review this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katrina N. Bouchard
    • 1
  • Heather M. Moulden
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Martin L. Lalumière
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural NeuroscienceMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.St. Joseph’s Healthcare HamiltonHamiltonCanada
  4. 4.School of PsychologyUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  5. 5.The Royal’s Institute of Mental Health ResearchOttawaCanada

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