Maternal Sleep in Pregnancy and Postpartum Part I: Mental, Physical, and Interpersonal Consequences
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Purpose of Review
Sleep is a critical restorative behavior which occupies approximately one third of people’s lives. Extensive data link sleep health with disease and mortality risk in the general population. During pregnancy and following childbirth, unique factors contribute to overall sleep health. In addition, there are unique implications of poor sleep during these time periods.
Poor maternal sleep may contribute to risk for adverse birth outcomes as well as poor maternal physical and mental health in pregnancy, postpartum, and longer term during childrearing. Moreover, the extent to which notable racial disparities in sleep contribute to disparities in adverse perinatal health outcomes remains to be fully explicated.
Part I of this two-part review details these implications of poor sleep for mental health, physical health outcomes, and relationship functioning, while Part II delves into biological mechanisms as well as treatment approaches.
KeywordsSleep Perinatal health Birth outcomes Racial disparities Insomnia Women’s health Postpartum weight retention Interpersonal relationships Mental health Mood
Compliance With Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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