Intimate Partner Homicide Suicide: a Mini-Review of the Literature (2012–2018)
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In homicide-suicide (HS), a perpetrator kills at least one victim and then commits suicide within a time frame, which is not consistently described in the literature. Most HS happen in an intimate partner relationship (HS-IP), but data about this phenomenon are still scant and poorly systematized.
Purpose of Review
To assess the research papers published about HS-IP from 2012 to 2018 in Pubmed and Scopus. Article selection followed the PRISMA flow diagram. Information was extracted from the selected articles and tabulated.
The 22 eligible articles focusing on different types of HS, including HS-IP, suggest that HS-IPs are predominantly committed by men, usually married, cohabiting, or recently separated from their partner, with a medium-low employment status; the victim is usually the current or former female partner. Heterogenity of HS makes it difficult to generalize the results. Implications emerge for the need to target domestic violence and firearm regulation.
KeywordsHomicide Suicide Intimate partner violence Mercy killing
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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- 34.• Oliffe J. L., Han C. S., Drummond M, Sta Maria E, Bottorff J. L., Creighton G. Men, masculinities, and murder-suicide, Am J Mens Health. 2015;9(6):473–485. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988314551359. Review. This reference is important because the authors underscore relevant aspects of intimate partner HS (eg: relationships, causes, methods, role of the gender … ) even if they also include other kind of HS.
- 36.•• Salari S, LeFevre Sillito C. Intimate partner homicide–suicide: perpetrator primary intent across young, middle, and elder adult age categories. Aggression and Violent Behavior. 2016;26:26–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2015.11.004 This reference is very important because it has been published recently (in the last 3 years) and specifically focuses on intimate partner homicide suicide without considering any other type of homicide suicide. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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