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Current Psychiatry Reports

, 18:92 | Cite as

Sleep and Eating Disorders

  • Kelly C. AllisonEmail author
  • Andrea Spaeth
  • Christina M. Hopkins
Sleep Disorders (P Gehrman, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Sleep Disorders

Abstract

Insomnia is related to an increased risk of eating disorders, while eating disorders are related to more disrupted sleep. Insomnia is also linked to poorer treatment outcomes for eating disorders. However, over the last decade, studies examining sleep and eating disorders have relied on surveys, with no objective measures of sleep for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, and only actigraphy data for binge eating disorder. Sleep disturbance is better defined for night eating syndrome, where sleep efficiency is reduced and melatonin release is delayed. Studies that include objectively measured sleep and metabolic parameters combined with psychiatric comorbidity data would help identify under what circumstances eating disorders and sleep disturbance produce an additive effect for symptom severity and for whom poor sleep would increase risk for an eating disorder. Cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia may be a helpful addition to treatment of those with both eating disorder and insomnia.

Keywords

Eating disorders Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa Night eating syndrome Binge eating disorder Insomnia 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Kelly C. Allison, Andrea Spaeth, and Christina M. Hopkins declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelly C. Allison
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Andrea Spaeth
    • 1
    • 3
  • Christina M. Hopkins
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryPerelman School of Medicine at the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, Department of PsychiatryPerelman School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Center for Sleep and Circadian NeurobiologyPerelman School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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