Children’s Disaster Reactions: the Influence of Family and Social Factors

  • Betty Pfefferbaum
  • Anne K. Jacobs
  • J. Brian Houston
  • Natalie Griffin
Child and Family Disaster Psychiatry (B Pfefferbaum, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Child and Family Disaster Psychiatry

Abstract

This review examines family (demographics, parent reactions and interactions, and parenting style) and social (remote effects, disaster media coverage, exposure to secondary adversities, and social support) factors that influence children’s disaster reactions. Lower family socioeconomic status, high parental stress, poor parental coping, contact with media coverage, and exposure to secondary adversities have been associated with adverse outcomes. Social support may provide protection to children in the post-disaster environment though more research is needed to clarify the effects of certain forms of social support. The interaction of the factors described in this review with culture needs further exploration.

Keywords

Adolescents Children Disaster Exposure Family Media Mental health Natural disaster Parent Parenting Posttraumatic stress Social support Terrorism Trauma 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Betty Pfefferbaum
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anne K. Jacobs
    • 2
  • J. Brian Houston
    • 3
  • Natalie Griffin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of MedicineUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.Terrorism and Disaster CenterUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of CommunicationUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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