Personality Disorders in DSM-5: Emerging Research on the Alternative Model

  • Leslie C. Morey
  • Kathryn T. Benson
  • Alexander J. Busch
  • Andrew E. Skodol
Personality Disorders (C Schmahl, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Personality Disorders


The current categorical classification of personality disorders, originally introduced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III), has been found to suffer from numerous shortcomings that hamper its usefulness for research and for clinical application. The Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group for DSM-5 was charged with developing an alternative model that would address many of these concerns. The developed model involved a hybrid dimensional/categorical model that represented personality disorders as combinations of core impairments in personality functioning with specific configurations of problematic personality traits. The Board of Trustees of the American Psychiatric Association did not accept the Task Force recommendation to implement this novel approach, and thus this alternative model was included in Sect. III of the DSM-5 among concepts requiring additional study. This review provides an overview of the emerging research on this alternative model, addressing each of the primary components of the model.


Personality disorders DSM-5 Alternative model 


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie C. Morey
    • 1
  • Kathryn T. Benson
    • 1
  • Alexander J. Busch
    • 1
  • Andrew E. Skodol
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.University of Arizona School of MedicineArizonaUSA

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