Current Psychiatry Reports

, 17:531 | Cite as

The Role of Emotion and Emotion Regulation in Social Anxiety Disorder

  • Hooria JazaieriEmail author
  • Amanda S. Morrison
  • Philippe R. Goldin
  • James J. Gross
Anxiety Disorders (A Pelissolo, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Anxiety Disorders


Many psychiatric disorders involve problematic patterns of emotional reactivity and regulation. In this review, we consider recent findings regarding emotion and emotion regulation in the context of social anxiety disorder (SAD). We first describe key features of SAD which suggest altered emotional and self-related processing difficulties. Next, we lay the conceptual foundation for a discussion of emotion and emotion regulation and present a common framework for understanding emotion regulation, the process model of emotion regulation. Using the process model, we evaluate the recent empirical literature spanning self-report, observational, behavioral, and physiological methods across five specific families of emotion regulation processes—situation selection, situation modification, attentional deployment, cognitive change, and response modulation. Next, we examine the empirical evidence behind two psychosocial interventions for SAD: cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Throughout, we present suggestions for future directions in the continued examination of emotion and emotion regulation in SAD.


Emotion Emotion regulation Emotion dysregulation Process model Social anxiety disorder (SAD) 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Hooria Jazaieri, Amanda S. Morrison, Philippe R. Goldin, and James J. Gross declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hooria Jazaieri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Amanda S. Morrison
    • 2
  • Philippe R. Goldin
    • 3
  • James J. Gross
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Institute of Personality and Social ResearchUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing ScienceUniversity of California, DavisSacramentoUSA

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