Perinatal Depression: An Update and Overview
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Over the last 3 years there have been notable developments in the screening and treatment of perinatal depression. Most importantly, the DSM-V has made only minor changes in the diagnostic criteria for perinatal depression as compared to the DSM-IV; “perinatal,” as opposed to “postpartum,” is a specifier for depression with a requirement that the depression onset occurs during pregnancy or the first 4 weeks postpartum. Advances in the treatment of perinatal depression have been made over the last 3 years, including both prevention and acute interventions. Additional support has emerged confirming the primary risk factors for perinatal depression: a personal or family history, low SES and poor interpersonal support. There is general agreement that universal screening be conducted for all perinatal women, by both the woman’s obstetrician and the baby’s pediatrician.
KeywordsPerinatal Depression Review Prenatal Postpartum Medication Screening Treatment
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Conflict of Interest
Kaela Stuart-Parrigon declares no conflict of interest.
Scott Stuart has received a grant from the National Institute of Heath.
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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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