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Current Psychiatry Reports

, 15:387 | Cite as

Immunity, Inflammation, and Bipolar Disorder: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Implications

  • Nora Hamdani
  • Raphael Doukhan
  • Ozlem Kurtlucan
  • Ryad Tamouza
  • Marion Leboyer
Bipolar Disorders (WH Coryell, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Bipolar Disorders

Abstract

Bipolar disorder is now known to be associated not only with highly prevalent co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders but also with medical comorbidities, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, obesity and thyroid dysfunction. Inflammatory disturbances repeatedly observed in bipolar disorder, can explain some of the comorbidity between bipolar disorder and medical disorder. This revised perspective of bipolar disorders should promote the development of therapeutic tools. Immuno-inflammatory dysfunction may well represent a significant component of the underlying pathophysiology of the disorder. We therefore propose to review the immuno-inflammatory hypothesis in bipolar disorder considering the co-occurence with autoimmune diseases, immunological and inflammatory markers, as well as immuno-genetic markers which could lead to personalized treatments.

Keywords

Bipolar disorder CRP Cytokines Auto-antibody Immuno-genetic Endogenous retroviruses Comorbid substance use disorder Medical comorbidity Psychiatry 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by INSERM (UMRS 940 and U955), assistante Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Agence Nationale de la Recherche (programmeANR-MNP2008 - VIP project) and fondaMental foundation.

Compliance with Ethics Guideline

Conflict of Interest

Nora Hamdani, Raphael Doukhan, Ozlem Kurtlucan, Ryad Tamouza, and Marion Leboyer declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nora Hamdani
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
    • 6
  • Raphael Doukhan
    • 2
  • Ozlem Kurtlucan
    • 2
  • Ryad Tamouza
    • 4
    • 5
  • Marion Leboyer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Universite Paris Est, Faculte de medecineCreteilFrance
  2. 2.AP-HP, Hopital H. Mondor, A. Chenevier, Pole de psychiatrieCreteilFrance
  3. 3.INSERM, U955, Equipe Psychiatrie GenetiqueCreteilFrance
  4. 4.INSERM, U940, Immunologie et Histocompatibilite, Hopital Saint-LouisParisFrance
  5. 5.Fondation FondaMentalCreteilFrance
  6. 6.Pole de Psychiatrie, Hôpital A ChenevierCréteilFrance

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