Current Psychiatry Reports

, 15:335 | Cite as

Components of Emotion Dysregulation in Borderline Personality Disorder: A Review

  • Ryan W. Carpenter
  • Timothy J. Trull
Personality Disorders (C Schmahl, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Personality Disorders


Following Linehan's biosocial model, we conceptualize emotion dysregulation in borderline personality disorder (BPD) as consisting of four components: emotion sensitivity, heightened and labile negative affect, a deficit of appropriate regulation strategies, and a surplus of maladaptive regulation strategies. We review the evidence supporting each of these components. Given the complexity of the construct of emotion dysregulation and its involvement in many disorders, there is a need for research that specifies which components of emotion dysregulation are under study and also examines the interplay amongst these emotion dysregulation components.


Borderline personality disorder BPD Emotion sensitivity Biosocial theory Affective instability Negative affect Emotion regulation Distress tolerance Emotion dysregulation Emotion regulation strategies Inadequate appropriate regulation strategies Maladaptive regulation strategies Psychiatry 



No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance, •• Of major importance

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychological SciencesUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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