Current Psychiatry Reports

, 15:331 | Cite as

Violence and School Shootings

  • Daniel J. Flannery
  • William Modzeleski
  • Jeff M. Kretschmar
Child and Adolescent Disorders (TD Benton, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Child and Adolescent Disorders


Multiple-homicide school shootings are rare events, but when they happen they significantly impact individuals, the school and the community. We focus on multiple-homicide incidents and identified mental health issues of shooters. To date, studies of school shootings have concluded that no reliable profile of a shooter exists, so risk should be assessed using comprehensive threat assessment protocols. Existing studies primarily utilize retrospective case histories or media accounts. The field requires more empirical and systematic research on all types of school shootings including single victim incidents, those that result in injury but not death and those that are successfully averted. We discuss current policies and practices related to school shootings and the role of mental health professionals in assessing risk and supporting surviving victims.


School violence Shootings Firearms Homicide Threat assessment Mental health Rampage Profiling Targeted Prevention Treatment Survivors Trauma Child and adolescent disorders Psychiatry 



No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel J. Flannery
    • 1
  • William Modzeleski
    • 2
  • Jeff M. Kretschmar
    • 1
  1. 1.Mandel School of Applied Social SciencesCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Office of Safe and Drug Free SchoolsU.S. Department of EducationWashingtonUSA

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