Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 543–551

Emerging Support for a Role of Exercise in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention Planning

Attention-Deficit Disorder (R Bussing, Section Editor)

Abstract

Recent years have seen an expansion of interest in non-pharmacological interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although considerable treatment development has focused on cognitive training programs, compelling evidence indicates that intense aerobic exercise enhances brain structure and function, and as such, might be beneficial to children with ADHD. This paper reviews evidence for a direct impact of exercise on neural functioning and preliminary evidence that exercise may have positive effects on children with ADHD. At present, data are promising and support the need for further study, but are insufficient to recommend widespread use of such interventions for children with ADHD.

Keywords

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder ADHD Cortical development Neurocognitive functioning Aerobic exercise Cognitive remediation strategies Nonpharmacological intervention Neural growth Cognitive development Executive functioning Treatment Outcomes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology Queens CollegeCity University of New YorkFlushingUSA

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