Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 229–236 | Cite as

Functional Outcomes in Schizophrenia: Employment Status as a Metric of Treatment Outcome

  • Rebecca Schennach
  • Richard Musil
  • Hans-Jürgen Möller
  • Michael Riedel


The importance of an adequate and satisfying level of functioning for the course and outcome of schizophrenia has been increasingly emphasized by researchers in recent years. Employment status is a major component of the patient’s functioning and is generally believed to be essential for well-being, satisfaction in life, and a better prognosis for schizophrenia illness. This article summarizes recent relevant publications concerning the employment status of schizophrenia patients and its influence on treatment outcome. Given the significant link between employment status and outcome in schizophrenia, different influencing factors of employment are discussed, as they mirror potential treatment targets. Finally, currently available treatment strategies for the improvement of employment status are outlined.


Schizophrenia Outcome Symptomatic remission Functioning Recovery Employment Employment status Influencing factors Vocational rehabilitation Atypical antipsychotics Treatment Treatment outcome Cognitive remediation 



Dr. Musil has had travel/accommodations expenses covered/reimbursed by AstraZeneca and Eli Lilly and Company.

Dr. Schennach and Prof. Riedel reported no potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article.

Prof. Möller has received grants or is a consultant for and on the speakership bureaus of AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers-Squibb, Eisai, Eli Lilly, GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen Cilag, Lundbeck, Merck, Novartis, Organon, Pfizer, Sanofi-Aventis, Schering-Plough, Schwabe, Sepracor, Servier and Wyeth.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca Schennach
    • 1
  • Richard Musil
    • 1
  • Hans-Jürgen Möller
    • 1
  • Michael Riedel
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and PsychotherapyLudwig-Maximilians-University MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Psychiatric ClinicVinzenz-von-Paul-HospitalRottweilGermany

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