Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 180–185 | Cite as

Catatonia: Diagnosis, Classification, and Treatment

  • Andrew Francis


Catatonia is a distinct neuropsychiatric syndrome that is becoming more recognized clinically and in ongoing research. It occurs with psychiatric, metabolic, or neurologic conditions. It may occur in many forms, including neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Treatment with benzodiazepines or electroconvulsive therapy leads to a dramatic and rapid response, although systematic, randomized trials are lacking. An important unresolved question is the role of antipsychotic agents in treatment and their potential adverse effects.


Catatonia Neuroleptic malignant syndrome 



No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: ••Of major importance

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Health Sciences Center T-10SUNY Stony BrookStony BrookUSA

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