Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 408–414 | Cite as

When ADHD and substance use disorders intersect: Relationship and treatment implications

  • Timothy E. Wilens
  • Steven Fusillo


There has been increasing interest in the overlap between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance use disorders (SUDs). In this report, we describe the developmental relationship between ADHD and SUDs. ADHD alone and in combination with co-occurring psychopathology is a risk factor for the development of SUDs in adulthood. Conversely, approximately one fifth of adults with SUDs have ADHD. Pharmacotherapeutic treatment of ADHD in children reduces the risk for later cigarette smoking and SUDs in adulthood. In contrast, medication treatment alone of adults with ADHD and current SUD is inadequate for both ADHD and SUD. Stimulant diversion continues to be of concern, particularly in older adolescents and young adults.


Cocaine Bupropion Atomoxetine Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry Lisdexamfetamine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric Psychopharmacology UnitMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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