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Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 177–184 | Cite as

Stimulant-induced psychosis and schizophrenia: The role of sensitization

  • Hiroshi Ujike
Article

Abstract

Three different conditions, psychostimulant-induced behavioral sensitization in rodents, psychostimulantinduced psychoses in human, and chronic schizophrenia show similar longitudinal alternations, progressively enhanced susceptibility to abnormal behaviors, psychotic state, and relapse. Sensitization phenomena to the drugs or endogenous dopamine should be involved in the mechanisms underlying the development of such susceptibility. Recently, an enhanced dopamine release in vivo by amphetamine administration in the striatum has been shown in schizophrenics, which is a replication of that previously proven in the behavioral sensitization in rats. Accordingly, common molecular mechanisms of sensitization phenomena must develop in these three conditions, and are overviewed in this review.

Keywords

Schizophrenia Cocaine Amphetamine Methamphetamine Behavioral Sensitization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Ujike
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeuropsychiatryOkayama University Graduate School of Medicine and DentistryOkayamaJapan

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