Care Disparities in Chronic Pain

  • Alaa Abd-ElsayedEmail author
  • Kenneth Fiala
Invited Commentary

Health care disparities associated with ethnicity have been deeply researched in recent years. It has been revealed that high-impact chronic pain is more common in African Americans than white adults and more common in households with a lower socioeconomic standing [1]. It has also been found that there are disparities in access to health care related to ethnicity and race [2]. The literature for these ethnicity-related care disparities has been a hot topic for research in recent years. However, there is little, if any, research on care disparities related to gender, sexuality, and age specific to pain medicine.

Ageism is defined as the discrimination or prejudice based on a person’s age. In the medical setting, the way patients are cared for is not consistent with varying age. This difference may seem inert when a child is being treated when compared to an adult, but treatment differences with age can be highly relevant. A study conducted in 2003 found that both Latina and older...


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Alaa Abd-Elsayed and Kenneth Fiala declare no conflict of interest. Dr. Abd-Elsayed is a consultant for Medtronic, Halyard, Sollis, SpineLoop, and StimWave.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA
  2. 2.University of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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