Regional Catheters for Outpatient Surgery—a Comprehensive Review
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Purpose of Review
This review summarizes and discusses the history of continuous catheter blockade (CCB), its current applications, clinical considerations, economic benefits, potential complications, patient education, and best practice techniques.
Regional catheters for outpatient surgery have greatly impacted acute post-operative pain management and recovery. Prior to development, options for acute pain management were limited to the use of opioid pain medications, NSAIDS, neuropathic agents, and the like as local anesthetic duration of action is limited to 4–8 h. Moreover, delivery of opioids post-operatively has been associated with respiratory and central nervous depression, development of opioid use disorder, and many other potential adverse effects. CCB allows for faster recovery time, decreased rates of opioid abuse, and better pain control in patients post-operatively.
Outpatient surgical settings continue to focus on efficiency, quality, and safety, including strategies to prevent post-operative nausea, vomiting, and pain. Regional catheters are a valuable tool and help achieve all of the well-established endpoints of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). CCB is growing in popularity with wide indications for a variety of surgeries, and has demonstrated improved patient satisfaction, outcomes, and reductions in many unwanted adverse effects in the outpatient setting.
KeywordsOutpatient surgery regional anesthesia continuous catheter Enhanced recovery after surgery Local anesthetics
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Mark R. Jones, Julie A. Petro, Matthew B. Novitch, Adeel A. Faruki, Jeffrey B. Bice, Omar Viswanath, and Paragi H. rana declare no conflicts of interest. Dr. Kaye is a speaker for Depomed, Inc. and Merck, Inc.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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