Outcome of Chronic Daily Headache or Chronic Migraine

  • Soo-Jin Cho
  • Tae-Jin Song
  • Min Kyung ChuEmail author
Chronic Daily Headache (SJ Wang, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Chronic Daily Headache


Chronic daily headache (CDH) is a common neurological condition that affects 1–4 % of the general population. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that CDH is mainly represented by chronic migraine (CM). Owing to the frequent headaches, associated symptoms, and comorbid conditions associated with CDH/CM, disability, quality of life (QoL), economic burden, and treatment outcome have become important personal and social issues. There have been several studies assessing the disability, QoL, and economic burden associated with CDH/CM. These studies, conducted in different settings, consistently reported significantly higher disability and economic burden and lower QoL among CDH/CM patients compared to patients with episodic headache (EH) or episodic migraine (EM). Treatment outcome of CDH/CM is often poor. In this review, we describe and summarize the results of relevant studies performed to date.


Chronic daily headache Chronic migraine Headache Burden Quality of life Cost Treatment 



American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention


Botulinum toxin A


Chronic daily headache


Chronic migraine


Chronic tension-type headache


Emergency department


Episodic headache


Episodic migraine


European Health Interview Survey-QoL 8


Headache-related quality of life


International Burden of Migraine Study


The second edition of International Classification of Headache Disorders

ICHD-3 beta

The third beta edition of International Classification of Headache Disorders


Migraine disability assessment


Medication overuse


Migraine-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire

QoL: Quality of Life RCM

Refractory chronic migraine


36-item Short-Form Health Survey


Transformed migraine


Shortened version of World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Abbreviation Version


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Soo-Jin Cho, Tae-Jin Song, and Min Kyung Chu declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurology, Dongtan Sacred Heart HospitalHallym University College of MedicineHwaseong-siSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyEwha Womans University School of MedicineYangcheon-guSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Neurology, Sacred Heart HospitalHallym University College of MedicineAnyang-siSouth Korea

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