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Update on the Epidemiology of Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Jameson D. VossEmail author
  • Joseph Connolly
  • Karen A. Schwab
  • Ann I. Scher
Concussion and Head Injury (S Lucas, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Concussion and Head Injury

Abstract

Mild traumatic injuries to the brain (e.g., concussion) are common and have been recognized since antiquity, although definitions have varied historically. Nonetheless, studying the epidemiology of concussion helps clarify the overall importance, risk factors, and at-risk populations for this injury. The present review will focus on recent findings related to the epidemiology of concussion including definition controversies, incidence, and patterns in the population overall and in the military and athlete populations specifically. Finally, as this is an area of active research, we will discuss how future epidemiologic observations hold promise for gaining greater clarity about concussion and mild traumatic brain injury.

Keywords

Concussion Mild traumatic brain injury Epidemiology Burden Military Athletes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the US Air Force, the Department of Defense, or the US Government. Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Case Number: 88ABW-2014-4905, 28 Oct 2014.

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Jameson D. Voss, Joseph Connolly, Karen A. Schwab, and Ann I. Scher each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jameson D. Voss
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Joseph Connolly
    • 3
  • Karen A. Schwab
    • 4
    • 2
  • Ann I. Scher
    • 2
  1. 1.Epidemiology Consult ServiceU.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine (USAFSAM)Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB)USA
  2. 2.Department of Preventive Medicine and BiometricsUniformed Services University of the Health SciencesBethesdaUSA
  3. 3.Residency in Aerospace MedicineUSAFSAMFairbornUSA
  4. 4.Defense and Veterans Brain Injury CenterSilver SpringUSA

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