Trigeminal Neuralgia and Facial Pain Imaging

  • Steven Graff-RadfordEmail author
  • Rachael Gordon
  • John Ganal
  • Sotirois Tetradis
Imaging (L Mechtler, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Imaging


The trigeminal nerve or fifth cranial nerve has an extensive distribution in the head and face. It is the source for pain conduction and thereby is often implicated in a variety of disorders including inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. To determine the disease source, understanding the trigeminal nerve anatomy is essential, and further being able to image the trigeminal nerve provides insight into the location and type of pathology. The best approach to imaging is to consider the nerve in segments. The nerve segments may be divided into the brainstem, cisternal, Meckel’s cave, cavernous sinus, and peripheral divisions. This review utilizes these segments to explore imaging options to help understand trigeminal neuralgia and pain in the trigeminal nerve distribution.


Trigeminal neuralgia Trigeminal neuropathy Imaging MRI Radiograph 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Steven Graff-Radford, Rachael Gordon, John Ganal, and Sotirois Tetradis each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Graff-Radford
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rachael Gordon
    • 2
  • John Ganal
    • 1
  • Sotirois Tetradis
    • 3
  1. 1.The Pain CenterCedars-Sinai Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Mink RadiologyBeverly HillsUSA
  3. 3.Oral and Maxillofacial RadiologyUCLA School of DentistryLos AngelesUSA

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