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Current Pain and Headache Reports

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 383–387 | Cite as

The Effects of Meditation-Based Interventions on the Treatment of Fibromyalgia

  • Elisa H. KozasaEmail author
  • Luiza H. Tanaka
  • Carlos Monson
  • Stephen Little
  • Frederico Camelo Leao
  • Mario P. Peres
Fibromyalgia (MFP Peres, Section editor)

Abstract

Meditation is the third most commonly requested complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy reported in a US survey. Those who suffer from chronic pain are those who most frequently use CAM therapies. This review aims to evaluate whether meditation-based interventions can help the treatment of fibromyalgia. A PubMed search was conducted using the terms “fibromyalgia” and “meditation”, or “mindfulness”, or “mantra” or “relaxation response”. We selected articles which clearly described a meditation intervention being used in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Only four articles were classified with score 3 in the Jadad scale. Another seven articles were included in this review. Most of the results indicate improvement in fibromyalgia-related symptoms in patients who participated in a meditation-based intervention. Considering only 4 of the 13 studies achieved a score of 3 on the Jadad scale, researchers of meditation interventions should discuss the best methodologic control for these studies.

Keywords

Fibromyalgia Meditation Mindfulness Pain 

Notes

Disclosures

No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisa H. Kozasa
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Luiza H. Tanaka
    • 3
  • Carlos Monson
    • 4
  • Stephen Little
    • 5
  • Frederico Camelo Leao
    • 6
  • Mario P. Peres
    • 1
    • 7
  1. 1.Instituto do CérebroInst. Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert EinsteinSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of PsychobiologyUniversidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Escola Paulista de EnfermagemUniversidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Centro Cochrane do BrasilUniversidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  5. 5.Centro Integrado de Oncologia e HematologiaHospital Israelita Albert EinsteinSão PauloBrazil
  6. 6.Proser, Instituto de PsiquiatriaFaculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  7. 7.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurologia/NeurociênciasUniversidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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