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Current Pain and Headache Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 39–43 | Cite as

Pain outcomes: A brief review of instruments and techniques

  • Jarred YoungerEmail author
  • Rebecca McCue
  • Sean Mackey
Article

Abstract

Pain is a difficult outcome to measure due to its multifaceted and subjective nature. The need for selecting proper outcome measures is high because of the increasing demand for scientifically valid demonstrations of treatment efficacy. This article discusses some basic topics in the measurement of pain outcomes and addresses issues such as statistical versus clinical significance, daily home data collection, appropriate length of outcome measurement packets, and the possibility of objective pain measurements. This article also reviews some of the more commonly used tools for measuring pain and pain-related disability. By selecting the proper tools and employing them correctly, we can obtain highly reliable and valid measures of pain outcomes in research and clinical care.

Keywords

Chronic Pain Pain Intensity Numerical Rating Scale Skin Conductance Minimal Important Clinical Difference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia, Division of Pain ManagementStanford University School of MedicinePalo AltoUSA

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