Treatment of pain of urogenital origin, chronic pelvic pain syndrome, can be frustrating for patients and physicians. The usual approaches do not always produce the desired results. Visceral pain from pelvic organs and myofascial pain from muscle trigger points share common characteristics. Referred pain from myofascial trigger points can mimic visceral pain syndromes and visceral pain syndromes can induce trigger point development and myofascial pain and dysfunction. The referred pain syndrome can long outlast the initial event, making diagnosis difficult.
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