Current Pain and Headache Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 281–287 | Cite as

Sleep-related headache syndromes

  • J. Steven Poceta
Article

Abstract

The relationship between sleep and sleep disorders and headache remains unclear. Clinical experience and numerous studies document some sort of relationship, but the exact nature remains understudied and complex. Changes in sleep duration and sleep quality appear to be capable of affecting headaches of different types. Obstructive sleep apnea can cause or exacerbate headaches in a susceptible person. Obstructive sleep apnea also may cause a specific headache when awakening, which is different from migraine or tension headache and disappears after treatment of the sleep and breathing disturbance. Hypnic headache is another type of sleep-exclusive headache that has been proposed. Hypnic headaches are brief, moderately severe, and affect the elderly primarily.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References and Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Bing R: Lehrbuch der Nervenkrankheiten. Basel: Schwabe Press; 1945.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rains JC, Penzien DB: Chronic headache and sleep disturbance. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2002, 6:498–504.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Poceta JS: Sleep-related headache. Curr Treat Options Neurol 2002, 4:121–128.A good review of many of the factors involved in sleep and headachePubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jennum P, Jensen R: Sleep and headache. Sleep Med Rev 2002, 6:471–479.A good review of many of the factors involved in sleep and headache, with an emphasis on research questions.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chen TC, Leviton A, Edelstein S, Ellenberg JH: Migraine and other diseases in women of reproductive age: the influence of smoking on observed associations. Arch Neurol 1987, 44:1024–1028.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Spierings EL, van Hoof MJ: Fatigue and sleep in chronic headache sufferers: an age- and sex-controlled questionnaire study. Headache 1997, 37:549–552.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goder R, Fritzer G, Kapsokalyvas P, et al.: Polysomnographic findings in nights preceding a migraine attack. Cephalalgia 2001, 21:31–37.One of the few studies to assess specific sleep characteristics in nights before a migraine.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fox AW, Davis RL: Migraine chronobiology. Headache 1998, 38:436–441.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Peres MF, Sanchez del Rio M, Seabra ML, et al.: Hypothalamic involvement in chronic migraine. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2001, 71:747–751.A complicated study in a heterogenous group, but suggestive of hypothalamic changes in chronic headache.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cady R, Schreiber C, Farmer K, Sheftell F: Primary headaches: a convergence hypothesis. Headache 2002, 42:204–216.A concise articulation of a current and popular model of many headache types.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Reinoso-Suarez F, de Andres I, Rodrigo-Angulo ML, Garzon M: Brain structures and mechanisms involved in the generation of REM sleep. Sleep Med Rev 2001, 5:63–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Aldrich MS, Chauncey JB: Are morning headaches part of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome? Arch Intern Med 1990, 150:1265–1267.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Poceta JS, Dalessio DJ: Identification and treatment of sleep apnea in patients with chronic headache. Headache 1995, 35:586–589.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Neau JP, Paquereau J, Bailbe M, et al.: Relationship between sleep apnea syndrome, snoring and headaches. Cephalalgia 1991, 22:333–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ambrogetti AL, Olson LG, Saunders NA: Differences in the symptoms of men and women with obstructive sleep apnea. Aust N Z J Med 1991, 21:863–866.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jennum P, Sjol A: Self-assessed cognitive function in snorers and sleep apneics. An epidemiological study of 1,504 females and males aged 30–60 years: the Dan-MONICA II Study. Eur Neurol 1994, 34:204–208.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Olson LG, King MT, Hensley MJ, Saunders NA: A community study of snoring and sleep-disordered breathing: symptoms. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1995, 152:707–710.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ulfberg J, Carter N, Talback, Edling C: Headache, snoring and sleep apnea. J Neurol 1996, 243:621–625.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Paiva T, Batista A, Martins P, Martins A: The relationship between headaches and sleep disturbances. Headache 1995, 35:590–596.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Paiva T, Farinha A, Martins A, et al.: Chronic headaches and sleep disorders. Arch Intern Med 1997, 157:1701–1705.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Netzer N, Werner P, Jochums I, et al.: Blood flow of the middle cerebral artery with sleep-disordered breathing: correlation with obstructive hypopneas. Stroke 1998, 29:87–93.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Pitson DJ, Stradling JR: Autonomic markers of arousal during sleep in patients undergoing investigation for obstructive sleep apnoea, their relationship to EEG arousals, respiratory events and subjective sleepiness. J Sleep Res 1998, 7:53–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Blau JN: Sleep deprivation headache. Cephalalgia 1990, 10:157–160.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Loh NK, Dinner DS, Foldvary N, et al.: Do patients with obstructive sleep apnea wake up with headaches? Arch Intern Med 1999, 159:1765–1768.This study proposes an "awakening headache of sleep apnea" as a specific type of headache that responds to treatment of the sleep apnea.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kiely JL, Murphy M, McNicholas WT: Subjective efficacy of nasal CPAP therapy in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: a prospective controlled study. Eur Respir J 1999, 13:1086–1090.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Raskin NH: The hypnic headache syndrome. Headache 1988, 28:534–536.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Newman L, Lipton RB, Lolomon S: The hypnic headache syndrome: a benign headache disorder of the elderly. Neurology 1990, 40:1904–1905.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Evers S, Rahmann A, Schwaag S, et al.: Hypnic headache: the first German cases including polysomnography. Cephalalgia 2003, 23:20–23.One of too few studies assessing polysomnography in hypnic headache.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Goadsby PJ, Lipton RB: A review of paroxysmal hemicranias, SUNCT syndrome and other short-lasting headaches with autonomic feature, including new cases. Brain 1997, 120:193–209.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Gould JD, Silberstein SD: Unilateral hypnic headache: a case study. Neurology 1997, 49:1749–1751.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Dodick DW: Polysomnography in hypnic headache syndrome. Headache 2000, 40:748–752.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Dodick DW, Jones JM, Capobianco DJ: Hypnic headache: another indomethacin-responsive headache syndrome? Headache 2000, 40:830–835.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Morales-Asin F, Mauri JA, Iniguez C, et al.: The hypnic headache syndrome: report of three new cases. Cephalalgia 1998, 18:157–158.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ivanez V, Soler R, Barreiro P: Hypnic headache syndrome: a case with good response to indomethacin. Cephalalgia 1998, 18:225–226.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Arjona JA, Jimenez-Jimenez FJ, Vela-Bueno A, Tallon-Barranco A: Hypnic headache associated with stage 3 slow wave sleep. Headache 2000, 40:753–754.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Centonze V, D’Amico D, Usai S, et al.: First Italian case of hypnic headache, with literature review and discussion of nosology. Cephalalgia 2001, 21:71–74.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Vieira-Dias M, Esperanca P: Hypnic headache: report of two cases. Headache 2001, 41:726–727.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Martins IP, Gouveia RG: Hypnic headache and travel across time zones: a case report. Cephalalgia 2001, 21:928–931.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Pinto CA, Fragoso YD, Souza Carvalho D, Gabbai AA: Hypnic headache syndrome: clinical aspects of eight patients in Brazil. Cephalalgia 2002, 22:824–827.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Relja G, Zorzon M, Locatelli L, et al.: Hypnic headache: rapid and long-lasting response to prednisone in two new cases. Cephalalgia 2002, 22:157–159.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Dodick DW, Mosek AC, Campbell JK: The hypnic ("alarm clock") headache syndrome. Cephalalgia 1998, 18:152–156.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Classification and diagnostic criteria for headache disorders, cranial neuralgias and facial pain: Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society. Cephalalgia 1988, 8 (suppl 7):1-96.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Russell D: Cluster headache: severity and temporal profiles of attacks and patient activity prior to and during attacks. Cephalalgia 1981, 1:209–216.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Manzoni G., Terzano MG, Moretti G, Cocchi M: Clinical observations on 76 cluster headache cases. Eur Neurol 1981, 20:88–94.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kudrow L, McGinty DJ, Phillips ER, Stevenson M: Sleep apnea in cluster headache. Cephalalgia 1984, 4:33–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Dexter JD, Weitzman ED: The relationship of nocturnal headaches to sleep stage patterns. Neurology 1970, 20:513–518.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Pfaffenrath V, Pollmann W, Ruther E, et al.: Onset of nocturnal attacks of chronic cluster headache in relation to sleep stages. Acta Neurol Scand 1986, 73:403–407.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Buckle P, Kerr P, Kryger M: Nocturnal cluster headache associated with sleep apnea: a case report. Sleep 1993, 16:487–489.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Chervin RD, Zallek SN, Lin X, et al.: Sleep disordered breathing in patients with cluster headache. Neurology 2000, 54:2302–2306.A large series of patients with cluster headache who underwent polysomnography.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Kayed K, Godtlibsen OB, Sjaastad O: Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania IV: "REM sleep locked" nocturnal headache attacks. Sleep 1978, 1:91–95.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Gilbert GJ: Hypoxia and bedcovers. JAMA 1972, 221:1165–1166.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    King AB: Hypoxia and hypercapnia from bedcovers. JAMA 1972, 220:1745.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Dawson A, Bigby BG, Poceta JS, Mitler MM: Effect of bedtime alcohol on inspiratory resistance and respiratory drive in snoring and nonsnoring men. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1997, 21:183–190.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Rieke K, Poceta JS, Mitler MM, et al.: Continuous blood flow velocity measurements in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. J Neuroimaging 1992, 2:202–207.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Yanagida H, Nakajima T, Kajimura N, et al.: Physical symptoms under forced-phase advance treatment in a patient with delayed sleep phase syndrome: a case report. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2002, 56:219–220.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Steven Poceta
    • 1
  1. 1.Scripps Clinic and The Scripps Research InstituteLa JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations