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Current Osteoporosis Reports

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 434–442 | Cite as

Bone Marrow Adipose Tissue and Skeletal Health

  • Shanmugam Muruganandan
  • Rajgopal Govindarajan
  • Christopher J. Sinal
Bone Marrow and Adipose Tissue (G Duque and B Lecka-Czernik, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Bone Marrow and Adipose Tissue

Abstract

Purpose of Review

To summarize and discuss recent progress and novel signaling mechanisms relevant to bone marrow adipocyte formation and its physiological/pathophysiological implications for bone remodeling.

Recent Findings

Skeletal remodeling is a coordinated process entailing removal of old bone and formation of new bone. Several bone loss disorders such as osteoporosis are commonly associated with increased bone marrow adipose tissue. Experimental and clinical evidence supports that a reduction in osteoblastogenesis from mesenchymal stem cells at the expense of adipogenesis, as well as the deleterious effects of adipocyte-derived signaling, contributes to the etiology of osteoporosis as well as bone loss associated with aging, diabetes mellitus, post-menopause, and chronic drug therapy. However, this view is challenged by findings indicating that, in some contexts, bone marrow adipose tissue may have a beneficial impact on skeletal health.

Summary

Further research is needed to better define the role of marrow adipocytes in bone physiology/pathophysiology and to determine the therapeutic potential of manipulating mesenchymal stem cell differentiation.

Keywords

Adipocyte Bone Differentiation Mesenchymal stem cell Osteoblast 

Notes

Funding Information

This work was supported by grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (CJS) and the National Institutes of Health grants R03AR063326 (RG) and R01CA188464 (RG).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Muruganandan Shanmugam and Rajgopal Govindarajan declare no conflict of interest. Christopher Sinal reports grants from Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council, during the conduct of the study.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shanmugam Muruganandan
    • 1
  • Rajgopal Govindarajan
    • 1
  • Christopher J. Sinal
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical ChemistryThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of PharmacologyDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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