Current Osteoporosis Reports

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 239–246

Wnt Signaling in Ewing Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma, and Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors

  • Matthew G. Pridgeon
  • Patrick J. Grohar
  • Matthew R. Steensma
  • Bart O. Williams
Cancer-induced Musculoskeletal Diseases (M Reagan and E Keller, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Cancer-induced Musculoskeletal Diseases

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Wnt signaling plays a central role in development and homeostasis, and its dysregulation is a common event in many types of human cancer. Here we explore in detail the contributions of Wnt signaling to the initiation and maintenance of three types of saroma: Ewing sarcoma, osteosarcoma, and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. This review provides an overview of the Wnt signaling pathway and explores in detail the current knowledge about its role in the initiation or maintenance of three tumor types: Ewing sarcoma, osteosarcoma, and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.

Recent Findings

Recent work has assessed the role(s) of Wnt signaling within these cell types. This review provides an overview of the mechanistic insights that have been gained from a number of recent studies to set the foundation for potential therapeutic applications.

Summary

Wnt signaling has emerged as a potentially critical pathway in maintaining the growth of these types of tumors. Given the fact that many new inhibitors of the pathway have recently or will soon enter Phase 1 clinical trials, it is likely that assessment of their activity in these tumor types will occur in human patients.

Keywords

Wnt β-catenin Ewing sarcoma Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Osteosarcoma Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew G. Pridgeon
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Patrick J. Grohar
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Matthew R. Steensma
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
    • 6
  • Bart O. Williams
    • 5
  1. 1.Grand Rapids Medical Education PartnersGrand RapidsUSA
  2. 2.Spectrum Health Cancer CenterSpectrum Health SystemGrand RapidsUSA
  3. 3.Helen De Vos Children’s HospitalGrand RapidsUSA
  4. 4.Department of PediatricsMichigan State UniversityGrand RapidsUSA
  5. 5.Center for Cancer and Cell BiologyVan Andel Research InstituteGrand RapidsUSA
  6. 6.Department of SurgeryMichigan State University College of Human MedicineGrand RapidsUSA

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