In Situ Sensor Advancements for Osteoporosis Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment
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Osteoporosis is still a serious issue in healthcare, and will continue to increase due to the aging and growth of the population. Early diagnosis is the key to successfully treating many diseases. The earlier the osteoporosis is diagnosed, the more quickly people can take action to stop bone deterioration. Motivated by this, researchers and companies have begun developing smart in situ bone sensors in order to dramatically help people to monitor their bone mass density (BMD), bone strain or bone turnover markers (BTMs); promptly track early signs of osteoporosis; and even monitor the healing process following surgery or antiresorptive therapy. This paper focuses on the latest advancements in the field of bone biosensing materials and sensor technologies and how they can help now and in the future to detect disease and monitor bone health.
KeywordsBiosensor Biomarker Bone Nanotechnology Osteoporosis
The authors acknowledge the Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, for funding and support. The authors thank Dr. David Burr, Editor in Chief, for reviewing this paper.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Thomas Webster and Luting Liu declare no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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