Yoga for the Management of Cancer Treatment-Related Toxicities
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Purpose of Review
To (1) explain what yoga is, (2) summarize published literature on the efficacy of yoga for managing cancer treatment-related toxicities, (3) provide clinical recommendations on the use of yoga for oncology professionals, and (4) suggest promising areas for future research.
Based on a total of 24 phase II and one phase III clinical trials, low-intensity forms of yoga, specifically gentle hatha and restorative, are feasible, safe, and effective for treating sleep disruption, cancer-related fatigue, cognitive impairment, psychosocial distress, and musculoskeletal symptoms in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and radiation and cancer survivors.
Clinicians should consider prescribing yoga for their patients suffering with these toxicities by referring them to qualified yoga professionals. More definitive phase III clinical trials are needed to confirm these findings and to investigate other types, doses, and delivery modes of yoga for treating cancer-related toxicities in patients and survivors.
KeywordsYoga Sleep disorder Cancer-related fatigue Cognitive impairment Psychological distress Musculoskeletal symptoms
NIH/NCI 1R01CA181064, NIH/NCI SUG1CA189961, NIH/NCI UG1CA189961, R25 CA102618B
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Po-Ju Lin declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Luke J. Peppone declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Michelle C. Janelsins declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Supriya G. Mohile has served as a consultant for Seattle Genetics.
Charles Kamen declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Ian R. Kleckner is supported by a grant from the National Cancer Institute.
Chunkit Fung declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Matthew Asare declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Calvin L. Cole declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Eva Culakova declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Karen M. Mustian declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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