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Neurologic Complications of Sickle Cell Disease

  • Shama FarooqEmail author
  • Fernando D. Testai
Neurology of Systemic Diseases (J. Biller, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Neurology of Systemic Disease

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Sickle cell anemia is a multiorgan disease with acute and chronic complications. Involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. This review highlights the broad spectrum of neurological complications seen in patients with sickle cell disease.

Recent Findings

Increasing recognition of neurological complications has led to improved diagnostic and treatment options throughout the years. Neurologic complications in sickle cell disease include silent cerebral ischemia, ischemic/hemorrhagic stroke, moyamoya syndrome, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, cerebral fat embolism, and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. Treatment varies depending on the neurological complication.

Summary

Sickle cell disease is the most common hereditary anemia with increasing global disease burden. Early recognition and treatment is imperative.

Keywords

Sickle cell disease SCD Stroke Silent cerebral ischemia Transcranial Doppler ultrasound 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Illinois at Chicago College of MedicineChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Neuropsychiatric InstituteChicagoUSA

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