Neurologic Complications of Sickle Cell Disease
Purpose of Review
Sickle cell anemia is a multiorgan disease with acute and chronic complications. Involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. This review highlights the broad spectrum of neurological complications seen in patients with sickle cell disease.
Increasing recognition of neurological complications has led to improved diagnostic and treatment options throughout the years. Neurologic complications in sickle cell disease include silent cerebral ischemia, ischemic/hemorrhagic stroke, moyamoya syndrome, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, cerebral fat embolism, and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. Treatment varies depending on the neurological complication.
Sickle cell disease is the most common hereditary anemia with increasing global disease burden. Early recognition and treatment is imperative.
KeywordsSickle cell disease SCD Stroke Silent cerebral ischemia Transcranial Doppler ultrasound
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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