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Neurological Complications of Cardiological Interventions

  • Amir ShabanEmail author
  • Enrique C. Leira
Neurology of Systemic Diseases (J Biller, Section Editor)
  • 5 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Neurology of Systemic Disease

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Neurological complications are common during cardiac procedures. The type of procedure influences the profile of neurological complications and their management. In this article, we review the different neurological complications encountered following cardiac procedures, and treatment strategies for managing those complications.

Recent Findings

Recent clinical trials have expanded the time window of eligibility for mechanical thrombectomy and intravenous thrombolysis. As a result, more options are now available for the treatment of periprocedural strokes.

Summary

Early recognition of neurological complications, particularly stroke, will allow more patients to be treated effectively. The expanded window for intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy using advanced neuroimaging for selection provides more opportunities for treatment of periprocedural stroke. There is a paucity of data on the management of cerebrovascular complications, such as ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, in the setting of left ventricular assist device or mechanical valve.

Keywords

Cardiac procedure Acute ischemic stroke Intracranial hemorrhage Nerve injury Contrast neurotoxicity Valve replacement Coronary artery bypass grafting Percutaneous coronary intervention Left ventricular assist device 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Amir Shaban and Enrique Leira each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurology, Carver College of MedicineUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurosurgery, Carver College of MedicineUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology, College of Public HealthUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

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