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Practice Update: Review of Anticonvulsant Therapy

  • Derek J. ChongEmail author
  • Andrew M. Lerman
Epilepsy (C. W. Bazil, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Epilepsy

Abstract

Since 2010, the Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of four new anti-epilepsy drugs (AEDs) for the treatment of epilepsy in the USA: clobazam (Onfi), ezogabine (Potiga), perampanel (Fycompa), and eslicarbazepine (Aptiom) as well as two extended release formulations, topiramate ER (Qudexy XR and Trokendi) and oxcarbazepine ER (Oxtellar). This not only provides practitioners ample choice to match medication profiles to their patients’ preferences and co-morbidities better, but also challenges us to be proficient in the use of all. In addition to providing a brief overview of these new medications and of the current medical management of epilepsy, this review discusses new data regarding vitamin D and AED-related osteoporosis, pregnancy registries, suicidality, marijuana-related compounds for epilepsy, and the recently published guidelines on the approach and management of a first unprovoked seizure in adults and guidelines for when to stop AEDs.

Keywords

Antiepileptic agents Seizures Drug therapy Adverse effects Disease management Selection 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Andrew M. Lerman declares that he has no conflict of interest. Derek J Chong has received royalties from Oxford University Press.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurology, Comprehensive Epilepsy CenterNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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