Metabolic Myoglobinuria

  • Emanuele Barca
  • Valentina Emmanuele
  • Salvatore (Billi) DiMauro
Nerve and Muscle (LH Weimer, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Nerve and Muscle


One large group of hereditary myopathies characterized by recurrent myoglobinuria, almost invariably triggered by exercise, comprises metabolic disorders of two main fuels, glycogen and long-chain fatty acids, or mitochondrial diseases of the respiratory chain. Differential diagnosis is required to distinguish the three conditions, although all cause a crisis of muscle energy. Muscle biopsy may be useful when performed well after the episode of rhabdomyolysis. Molecular genetics is increasingly the diagnostic test of choice to discover the underlying genetic basis.


Muscle glycogenoses Fatty acid oxidation (FAO) Mitochondrial myopathies ATP shortage Myoglobinuria treated with hydration or renal dialysis Uncertain therapy for metabolic myopathies 


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emanuele Barca
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Valentina Emmanuele
    • 1
  • Salvatore (Billi) DiMauro
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly
  3. 3.Policlinico Universitario G. MartinoMessinaItaly
  4. 4.College of Physicians & SurgeonsColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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