Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 547–559 | Cite as

Sports-Related Concussion Testing

  • Mark S. Dziemianowicz
  • Matthew P. Kirschen
  • Bryan A. Pukenas
  • Eric Laudano
  • Laura J. BalcerEmail author
  • Steven L. Galetta
Neurotrauma (J Levine, Section Editor)


Due to the recent focus on concussion in sports, a number of tests have been developed to diagnose and manage concussion. While each test measures different brain functions, no single test has been shown to quickly and reliably assess concussion in all cases. In addition, most of the current concussion tests have not been validated by scientific investigation. This review identifies the pros and cons of the most commonly used noninvasive tests for concussion in order to provide a more complete picture of the resources that are available for concussion testing. The potential utility of research tools such as the head impact telemetry system, advanced magnetic resonance imaging protocols, and biomarkers are discussed in the context of the currently employed tools.


Concussion Sports Mild traumatic brain injury 



No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark S. Dziemianowicz
    • 1
  • Matthew P. Kirschen
    • 1
    • 6
  • Bryan A. Pukenas
    • 2
  • Eric Laudano
    • 3
    • 7
  • Laura J. Balcer
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  • Steven L. Galetta
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Division of NeuroradiologyPerelman School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Recreation and Intercollegiate Athletics, Athletic TrainingUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.Department of EpidemiologyUniversity of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  6. 6.Division of NeurologyPhiladelphiaUSA
  7. 7.PhiladelphiaUSA

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