Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 448–458 | Cite as

Neuro-ophthalmologic Complications and Manifestations of Upper and Lower Motor Neuron Facial Paresis

  • M. Tariq Bhatti
  • Jade S. Schiffman
  • Anastas F. Pass
  • Rosa A. Tang
Article

Abstract

The facial nerve (cranial nerve VII) courses a long pathway beginning in the precentral gyrus and ending at the facial muscles, lacrimal and salivary glands, and structures of the inner ear. Lesions along this pathway, clinically divided into upper and lower motor neuron lesions, present with unique characteristics that assist the physician in identifying the lesion site. The sequelae particularly of peripheral CN VII palsies, may result in significant and chronic damage to the cornea that may be challenging for the physician and patient.

Keywords

Bell’s palsy Corticosteroids Facial nerve paresis Tumors Strokes Acyclovir Prednisolone 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Liat Gantz for assistance in preparing this manuscript.

Disclosure

No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Tariq Bhatti
    • 2
  • Jade S. Schiffman
    • 1
  • Anastas F. Pass
    • 3
  • Rosa A. Tang
    • 4
  1. 1.The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Ophthalmology and Medicine (Division of Neurology)Duke University Eye Center and Duke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  3. 3.University of Houston—University Eye Institute, MS Eye CARE CenterHoustonUSA
  4. 4.MS Eye CARE Center, University of HoustonHoustonUSA

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