Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 83–91 | Cite as

Congenital Muscular Dystrophies: Toward Molecular Therapeutic Interventions

Article

Abstract

Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMDs) are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neuromuscular disorders that typically present at birth or in early infancy with hypotonia, weakness, and histologic evidence of a dystrophic myopathy. CMD biochemical types include various abnormalities of α-dystroglycan O-mannosyl glycosylation as well as defects in integrin matrix receptors, the extracellular matrix proteins laminin-α2 and collagen VI, nuclear proteins such as lamin A/C, and a protein of the endoplasmic reticulum, selenoprotein N. Current therapies are directed mostly at supportive care; however, recent advances in biotechnology and increased knowledge of the pathophysiology underlying the various CMD types have helped identify potential therapeutic strategies directed at genetic, molecular, and biochemical pathways involved in these disorders. In this article, we review our current understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of several CMD types and how these mechanisms may be therapeutically targeted.

Keywords

Congenital muscular dystrophies Alpha dystroglycan Integrin alpha7 Laminin alpha2 Merosin Collagen VI Selenoprotein N 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Dr. A. Reghan Foley and Dr. Anne Rutkowski for their helpful comments regarding the manuscript. Dr. Bönnemann is supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (R01AR051999) and from MDA USA (MDA3896).

Disclosure

Dr. Collins receives research funding from Cure CMD (not-for-profit patient advocacy). Dr. Bönnemann is an investigator on PTC124 trials (2a and 2b) in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (PTC Therapeutics).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of NeurologyCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Division of NeurologyAbramson Research CenterPhiladelphiaUSA

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