Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 6, pp 488–493

Cardiopulmonary complications of brain injury

  • Alexander Grunsfeld
  • Jeffery J. Fletcher
  • Barnett R. Nathan


Cardiac and pulmonary complications following acute neurologic injury are common and may be a cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. Examples include hypertension, arrhythmias, ventricular dysfunction, pulmonary edema, shock, and sudden death. Primary neurologic events are represented by stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, and encephalitis and have been frequently reported. Given the high frequency of these conditions, it is important for physicians to become familiar with their pathophysiology, allowing for more prompt and appropriate treatment.


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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Grunsfeld
  • Jeffery J. Fletcher
  • Barnett R. Nathan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Virginia School of MedicineCharlottesvilleUSA

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