Cardiopulmonary complications of brain injury
- Cite this article as:
- Grunsfeld, A., Fletcher, J.J. & Nathan, B.R. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep (2005) 5: 488. doi:10.1007/s11910-005-0039-7
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Cardiac and pulmonary complications following acute neurologic injury are common and may be a cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. Examples include hypertension, arrhythmias, ventricular dysfunction, pulmonary edema, shock, and sudden death. Primary neurologic events are represented by stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, and encephalitis and have been frequently reported. Given the high frequency of these conditions, it is important for physicians to become familiar with their pathophysiology, allowing for more prompt and appropriate treatment.