Update on respiratory management of critically ill neurologic patients

  • Alejandro A. Rabinstein


Respiratory failure complicates a number of acute neurologic conditions, most notably neuromuscular diseases (eg, Guillain-Barré syndrome and myasthenia gravis) and stroke. In addition, pulmonary complications, particularly pneumonia and atelectasis, are fairly common in patients with these diagnoses; their prevention and early recognition are crucial to avoid detrimental consequences. This review discusses recent studies related to predictors of respiratory failure and pneumonia, strategies of respiratory care and ventilatory support, functional prognosis, and withdrawal of mechanical ventilation in patients with acute neuromuscular respiratory failure and stroke.


Mechanical Ventilation Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Acute Stroke Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Noninvasive Ventilation 
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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandro A. Rabinstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Miami School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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