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Update on respiratory management of critically ill neurologic patients

  • Alejandro A. Rabinstein
Article

Abstract

Respiratory failure complicates a number of acute neurologic conditions, most notably neuromuscular diseases (eg, Guillain-Barré syndrome and myasthenia gravis) and stroke. In addition, pulmonary complications, particularly pneumonia and atelectasis, are fairly common in patients with these diagnoses; their prevention and early recognition are crucial to avoid detrimental consequences. This review discusses recent studies related to predictors of respiratory failure and pneumonia, strategies of respiratory care and ventilatory support, functional prognosis, and withdrawal of mechanical ventilation in patients with acute neuromuscular respiratory failure and stroke.

Keywords

Mechanical Ventilation Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Acute Stroke Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Noninvasive Ventilation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandro A. Rabinstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Miami School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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