Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 98–104 | Cite as

The epidemiology and impact of migraine

  • Marcelo E. Bigal
  • Richard B. Lipton
  • Walter F. Stewart


Migraine is a highly prevalent headache disorder that has a substantial impact on the individual and society. In this article, we review the burden of migraine, emphasizing the population-based studies that used standardized diagnostic criteria. We highlight descriptive epidemiology, burden of disease, patterns of diagnosis, and treatment. We focus on the epidemiology and burden of probable migraine, a subtype of migraine where just one clinical feature is missing. We finish by describing approaches to improving healthcare delivery for migraine and probable migraine. Although migraine is a remarkably common cause of temporary disability, many migraineurs, even those with disabling headache, have never consulted a physician for the problem. Prevalence is highest in women, in persons between the ages of 25 and 55 years, and, at least in the United States, in individuals from low-income households. Nonetheless, prevalence is high in groups other than these high-risk groups. Probable migraine is a prevalent form of migraine, and like migraine with and without aura it produces decrements in health-related quality of life and increments in disability relative to control subjects.


Migraine Sumatriptan Migraine With Aura Headache Disorder Rizatriptan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo E. Bigal
    • 1
  • Richard B. Lipton
  • Walter F. Stewart
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyAlbert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA

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